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5 Common Causes of Plantar Fasciitis

Author: Rosemary Buckle, M.D.

Plantar fasciitis is responsible for one million visits to physicians’ offices every year. This common cause of foot pain, frequently occurring in the heel, can result in intense pain, especially in the morning when you get out of bed. It may also appear when you have to stand after a prolonged period of sitting.

In patients with plantar fasciitis, the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes, becomes inflamed. This inflammation is the result of small tears developing in the fascia. So, what causes plantar fasciitis? There are many causes, and not all of them are well-understood. However, these are five of the most common causes of plantar fasciitis…

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  1. Age. Risk for developing plantar fasciitis increases with age. It is most commonly seen in adults between the ages of 40 and 60.
  2. Running and jumping. Certain sports like basketball, ballet, and distance running can come with an increased risk for plantar fasciitis. The common denominator? Running and jumping. These sports can be tough on the feet, frequently engaging the plantar fascia, causing micro tears that, over time, result in serious pain. Always wear the appropriate foot gear and listen to your body if you participate in these types of activities.
  3. Arch-pattern and gait. People who are flatfooted or have a high arch are at increased risk for plantar fasciitis. Not sure what arch type you have? Find out your foot arch type with the “wet test.”
  4. Occupation. Some occupations require you to be on your feet for hours on end: factory work, nursing, teaching, etc. If possible, consider getting a stress mat to relieve pressure caused by standing on hard surfaces for prolonged periods.
  5. Obesity. Being overweight or obese can put extra stress on your plantar fascia (as well as joints and other ligaments and tendons in the body). Talk to your doctor about developing a weight loss plan to reduce your risk.

Treating Plantar Fasciitis

If you have plantar fasciitis, you may be able to manage your symptoms through the use of an orthotic device, taping, injections or night splints. Talk to your orthopedic doctor to learn more.

Find an Orthopedic Doctor In Houston for Plantar Fasciitis

To learn more about how an orthopedic doctor may be able to help you with symptoms of plantar fasciitis, schedule an appointment at Houston Institute for Sports Medicine & Orthopedics. Call (713) 756-5546. You can also schedule your appointment online.

Please consult with your physician before undertaking any form of medical treatment or adopting any exercise program or dietary guidelines.